GROWING AND CARING FOR YOUR ROSES
Although winter is the best time to plant roses, it does not mean that you have to wait until then to grow them or to tend to them. Autumn is the perfect time to get in early and start planting roses so that your garden can have a beautiful splash of colour as soon as possible.
If you already have established roses in your garden then autumn is the perfect time to tidy up your garden, getting rid of any spent blooms or diseased foliage and do some judicious pruning. Autumn is also a great time to plant a rose.
Here we have prepared a handy guide that will help you to grow and care for your roses this autumn:
Prepare the soil
Making sure that your flowerbeds are properly prepared is key to successfully growing any plants – especially roses. Spread compost or manure across your garden beds to enrich the soil. Doing this will ensure that that the plant bed has sufficient quantities of good bacteria and active earthworms to provide the optimum environment for your roses to flourish. Soil that is properly prepared will always give you good rewards when planting time arrives!
Select the best type of roses for your particular garden
When choosing the right rose for your garden consider the environment, sun light and irrigation before making a choice. The best thing to do is to do your homework and enlist the advice of the experts. Catalogues can’t speak for all areas of Australia at the one time as colours and growth habits vary widely so your best bet is to do some research and advise. “Rose variety selection is the most important part of starting a rose garden and accounts for 75% of the success,” says John Gray from Brindabella Country Garden Roses. “If you buy varieties that are vigorous with very high genetic disease resistance then most of the hard work will be done for you.”
Protect your roses
It is important to remember when caring for roses that plant disease caused by fungus is much easier prevented than cured so remember to spray your plants regularly with a variety of fungicides. A regular 14-day spray will keep the regular black spot and mildew under control. If an infection does catch on then simply increase the frequency of your spraying but not the concentration of the solution.
Don’t become complacent about insects
People to tend to relax about insects in autumn as they are not generally a problem but there are cases where aphids and thrips can appear in rose gardens all throughout the year. Keep a keen eye out on insects in your roses and use insecticide accordingly.
Deadhead your roses
Autumn is the perfect time to dead head your roses ensuring that in seven weeks time your roses should be blooming – just in time for Easter! To do this, simply prune the roses back to a swollen bud, at a five or seven leaf leaflet, hand span length from the top of the lateral.
Time your fertilisation
Knowing when to start and when to finish fertilizing is important. Fertilizing of the bushes should cease in early April in order to encourage the rose bushes into dormancy and prepare harder stems for winter pruning. The type of fertiliser you use is important too. “Apply a fertiliser which contains potassium (K on the label) at the same ration approximately as the nitrogen content (N on the label),” advises Gray. “Use one large handful every two months through spring, summer and autumn for more, bigger flowers”.
For further information, expert advice on growing and caring for your roses this autumn contact the team at Brindabella Country Gardens Roses.
These rose enthusiasts and specialists have a wealth of experience and literally know everything there is to know about roses and can help steer you in the right direction!